1 There was a man living in Babylon whose name was Joakim.2 And he took a wife named Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah, a very beautiful woman and one who feared the Lord.3 Her parents were righteous, and had taught their daughter according to the law of Moses.4 Joakim was very rich, and had a spacious garden adjoining his house; and the Jews used to come to him because he was the most honored of them all.5 In that year two elders from the people were appointed as judges. Concerning them the Lord had said: “Iniquity came forth from Babylon, from elders who were judges, who were supposed to govern the people.”6 These men were frequently at Joakim’s house, and all who had suits at law came to them.7 When the people departed at noon, Susanna would go into her husband’s garden to walk.8 The two elders used to see her every day, going in and walking about, and they began to desire her.
9 And they perverted their minds and turned away their eyes from looking to Heaven or remembering righteous judgments.15 Once, while they were watching for an opportune day, she went in as before with only two maids, and wished to bathe in the garden, for it was very hot.16 And no one was there except the two elders, who had hid themselves and were watching her.17 She said to her maids, “Bring me oil and ointments, and shut the garden doors so that I may bathe.”
19 When the maids had gone out, the two elders rose and ran to her, and said:
20 “Look, the garden doors are shut, no one sees us, and we are in love with you; so give your consent, and lie with us.21 If you refuse, we will testify against you that a young man was with you, and this was why you sent your maids away.”22 Susanna sighed deeply, and said, “I am hemmed in on every side. For if I do this thing, it is death for me; and if I do not, I shall not escape your hands.23 I choose not to do it and to fall into your hands, rather than to sin in the sight of the Lord.”
24 Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, and the two elders shouted against her.25 And one of them ran and opened the garden doors.26 When the household servants heard the shouting in the garden, they rushed in at the side door to see what had happened to her.27 And when the elders told their tale, the servants were greatly ashamed, for nothing like this had ever been said about Susanna.28 The next day, when the people gathered at the house of her husband Joakim, the two elders came, full of their wicked plot to have Susanna put to death.29 They said before the people, “Send for Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah, who is the wife of Joakim.”30 So they sent for her. And she came, with her parents, her children, and all her kindred.
33 But her family and friends and all who saw her wept.34 Then the two elders stood up in the midst of the people, and laid their hands upon her head.35 And she, weeping, looked up toward heaven, for her heart trusted in the Lord.36 The elders said, “As we were walking in the garden alone, this woman came in with two maids, shut the garden doors, and dismissed the maids.
37 Then a young man, who had been hidden, came to her and lay with her.
38 We were in a corner of the garden, and when we saw this wickedness we ran to them.
39 We saw them embracing, but we could not hold the man, for he was too strong for us, and he opened the doors and dashed out.40 So we seized this woman and asked her who the young man was, but she would not tell us. These things we testify.”41 The assembly believed them, because they were elders of the people and judges; and they condemned her to death.42 Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, and said, “O eternal God, who dost discern what is secret, who art aware of all things before they come to be,43 thou knowest that these men have borne false witness against me. And now I am to die! Yet I have done none of the things that they have wickedly invented against me!”
44 The Lord heard her cry.
45 And as she was being led away to be put to death, God aroused the holy spirit of a young lad named Daniel;46 and he cried with a loud voice, “I am innocent of the blood of this woman.”47 All the people turned to him, and said, “What is this that you have said?”48 Taking his stand in the midst of them, he said, “Are you such fools, you sons of Israel? Have you condemned a daughter of Israel without examination and without learning the facts?
49 Return to the place of judgment. For these men have borne false witness against her.”50 Then all the people returned in haste. And the elders said to him, “Come, sit among us and inform us, for God has given you that right.”51 And Daniel said to them, “Separate them far from each other, and I will examine them.”52 When they were separated from each other, he summoned one of them and said to him, “You old relic of wicked days, your sins have now come home, which you have committed in the past,53 pronouncing unjust judgments, condemning the innocent and letting the guilty go free, though the Lord said, ‘Do not put to death an innocent and righteous person.’
54 Now then, if you really saw her, tell me this: Under what tree did you see them being intimate with each other?” He answered, “Under a mastic tree.”55 And Daniel said, “Very well! You have lied against your own head, for the angel of God has received the sentence from God and will immediately cut you in two.”56 Then he put him aside, and commanded them to bring the other. And he said to him, “You offspring of Canaan and not of Judah, beauty has deceived you and lust has perverted your heart.
57 This is how you both have been dealing with the daughters of Israel, and they were intimate with you through fear; but a daughter of Judah would not endure your wickedness.58 Now then, tell me: Under what tree did you catch them being intimate with each other?” He answered, “Under an evergreen oak.”59 And Daniel said to him, “Very well! You also have lied against your own head, for the angel of God is waiting with his sword to saw you in two, that he may destroy you both.”
60 Then all the assembly shouted loudly and blessed God, who saves those who hope in him.61 And they rose against the two elders, for out of their own mouths Daniel had convicted them of bearing false witness;62 and they did to them as they had wickedly planned to do to their neighbor; acting in accordance with the law of Moses, they put them to death. Thus innocent blood was saved that day.
1 But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
2 Early in the morning he came again to the temple; all the people came to him, and he sat down and taught them.3 The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst4 they said to him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery.5 Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such. What do you say about her?”6 This they said to test him, that they might have some charge to bring against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground.
7 And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, “Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.”8 And once more he bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground.9 But when they heard it, they went away, one by one, beginning with the eldest, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him.10 Jesus looked up and said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?”11 She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn you; go, and do not sin again.”
THE BOOK OF DANIEL renders an apocalyptic message with this story of a righteous married woman Susanna, who was obedient to the laws of Moses. She is confronted by two judges, possible elders, who lured Sosanna to commit adultery with the motive to hide their sin by incriminating Daniel as the perpetrator. Susannas cry for help was discerned by Daniel who was brought to the witness stand as an accused party by these two perverted judges. Inspired by the Holy Spirit Daniel exposed the false witness of the two judges which unveiled the truth that led to Susanna and his acquittal.
St JOHN present the story of a woman who was “caught in the act of adultery” which called for the death penalty for the guilty party. Adultery is a disgraceful act and was said to be an unforgiven crime.Pro 6:32,33 The crowd who presented the woman wished to entrap Jesus, hoping to find Him guilty of a crime should He issue a judgement that contradict the laws of Moses.Lev 20:10 Jesus posed a question (v7) to test the individual moral standing of the men who already concluded that the woman was guilty. During the silent interlude, Jesus wrote with his finger on the ground commuting a guilty sentence, however He was merciful and set her free,with the previso that she do not sin again.
In the case of an accusation or suspicion of adultery the temple priest would have been approached if sacrifices were to be offered by the indicted party. The priest may pronounce a good or evil sentence for or against the party in question that was ordinarily recorded in a book and then washed away with water if the outcome is not guilty. Num 5:11-23 Acts 22:16 Our Lord’s written note in the sand would naturally be blown away by the wind which signaled that the woman received forgiveness for her sins! To be sure, the woman did commit a crime, signaling the Sacrament of Reconciliation or confession for all who are hemmed in because of our sexual perversions, committed by us or against us causing us greivious injury! Rather than throwing the first stone by standing in judgement of other sinners, we should do some self reflection and surrender to Christ in the confesional, where our Lord will hear our cry for healing, so that restorative justice may run its course and healing of heart, mind and soul can take effect for both victim and the perpetrator!
LET US PRAY:Psalms 23:1-6
1 A Psalm of David.
The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not want;
2 he makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters;3 he restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.4 Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me.5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of my enemies; thou anointest my head with oil, my cup overflows.6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life; and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
Commentary. Henry R SYLVESTER Note: The daily scripture readings are taken from the Roman Missal which the Catholic Church use in the daily Celebration of the Holy Eucharist throughout the world.Some weekly readings may differ because of the celebration of local feast days.
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